The impact of COVID-19 is leading to many comparisons with the financial recession of 2008. The comparison has many would-be and existing homeowners wondering about the impacts to the housing market. The understandable anxiety of “will my mortgage balance be more than my home is worth” leads to another question. Many Canadians are asking “should I be worried about house prices decreasing?”
The short answer is “it’s complicated”, but there is plenty of evidence suggesting things may not be so dire. At the time of writing, prices are currently increasing. The CMHC expects a partial recovery in mid-2021, which will continue into 2022. These are not promises, and unforeseen circumstances can always change the outcome. For now, at least, evidence indicates we will survive if there is in fact a housing bubble.
Are house prices decreasing?
This year August saw a 33.5 per cent increase of home sales in Canada. This is likely due to home buyers who were unable to purchase during the spring lockdowns. The average home price in the GTA during August 2020 rose 11.1 per cent while the average across Canada rose 18.5 per cent above pre-pandemic levels. The rising prices may be concerning. However, a slower fall market should stabilize the prices and prevent significant drops in price levels. Property values also depend heavily on property type. Condos in Toronto tend to be lower in price compared to previous years, with buyers opting for larger properties that offer more room. So it’s important to look at the market as a whole to understand what’s happening.
Is there a bubble?
An economic bubble is defined by inflating the value of an asset, in our case real estate, due to factors outside the assets’ intrinsic value. Canadian real estate pre-COVID-19 saw an increase of 88 per cent from 2005 to present. The increase in demand creates a seller’s market for both residential and rental properties. To reduce the impact and likelihood of a bubble, the Canadian Federal Finance Minister in 2017 levied foreign buyer’s and speculation taxes. The Ontario provincial government also took initiative to regulate the market with the Fair Housing Act. A lot of these efforts are to prevent the bubble effects and to stabilize the market.
Will Covid-19 burst the bubble?
Like most things financial, it’s complicated. Think of the real estate market as a Jenga tower. Each brick moved, for better or worse, can impact the tower. Just as a brick like inflating prices or a lockdown can destabilize the tower, there are bricks that can stabilize. The Canadian Government put a few stabilizations in place to prevent the tower from falling, such as the CERB and mortgage deferrals.
We saw a decrease in home sales during the nationwide lockdown in March. However, the dismal spring became a booming summer. There were more residential sales in July alone than any quarter since 2015. High demand may keep prices higher long enough for the decrease to be more gradual than a sudden fall. That being said, it matters more that we can survive the bubble burst than if it does.
The market will recover, we will survive
Canadians fared much better than our neighbours during the real estate crash south of the border in 2008. One of these supporting factors comes down to banking regulations in Canada. Many US banks offered subprime mortgages, and homeowners found themselves in negative equity positions. Negative equity is when you owe more on an asset than what it is worth. In contrast, Canadian banks placed limits on debt ratios and enforced stricter criteria for borrowers. Other measures were taken to ensure the Canadian real estate market survived the crisis. The circumstances behind the financial crisis of 2008 and the one we face now are different. However, this does show our ability to recover from crises.
What are experts saying?
According to the CMHC, prices may fall 9 to 18 per cent, but they also predict a recovery to begin in mid-2021 and into 2022. This is hopeful as both TD and RBC predict a V-shaped recovery. This means that after the prices gradually fall, they will gradually rise as Canadians invest in the market responsibly once more.
It’s hard to predict exactly what is going to happen with the market, but with some level of confidence experts agree that a decline will not last forever and that the decline should be gradual, minimizing the impact on you.
The real estate market is currently 10.1 per cent of our national GDP, and the Canadian government has a lot of incentive to prevent it from crashing. If we return to the Jenga tower analogy, there are ways we can stabilize the tower with carefully placed bricks. As referenced before, the two main bricks relevant to us are the CERB and mortgage deferrals. These prop up the Jenga tower, at least in the short term, because of how they keep Canadians able to pay the bills.
Deferrals are very short-term, as the back pay will be included in interest once your mortgage payments resume. In the meantime, this will help some Canadian homeowners from defaulting on their mortgages and reduce the number of foreclosures.
CERB is a stabilizing brick because it enables Canadians to participate in the economy during mass layoffs. This contributes to the real estate market by allowing renters to pay rent, contributing to income properties, and homeowners can maintain their homes.
It will be okay
If house prices decrease, it won’t be forever. During the decline we have systems in place to withstand it. Experts predict a recovery to begin in 2021-22, and there are still buyers capable of participating in the market. There are no guarantees that everything will be okay, but we can take comfort in the current projections!
If you are worried about house prices decreasing, or would like advice on your mortgage application, give me a call at (705) 333-4338 or get in touch with me here!